Assurance Scheme was launched on 2nd October, 1993 for implementation in 1778
identified backward blocks of different States. The block selected were in the drought
prone areas, desert areas, tribal areas and hilly areas. Later, the scheme was extended to
the remaining blocks of the country in phased manner. At present, the scheme is being
implement in all the rural blocks of the country. The programme has been restructured from
name suggests, the primary objective of the EAS is to provide gainful employment during
the lean agricultural season in manual work to all able bodied adults in rural areas who
are in need and desirous of work, but cannot find it. The work may be either on farm or on
other allied operations or on the normal plan/non-plan works during such a period. The
secondary objective is the creation of community, social and economic assets for sustained
employment and development.
would be open to all adult rural poor who are in need of wage employment. A maximum
of two adults per family (the generally expected number of adults in a family) would be
provided wage employment, when there is demand during lean agricultural season, subject
to availability of funds.
- EAS will be the single wage
employment programme to be implemented at the district/block levels throughout the
- The funds to the States will be
allocated on the basis of proportion of rural population in a State to the total rural
poor in the country or such other criteria as decided by the Central Government from time
- 70% of the funds flowing to the
districts would be allocated to the blocks and 30% reserved at the district level to be
utilized in the areas of distress.
- The selection of works would be
decided by Zilla Parishads after consultations with elected representative of the areas.
- In the absence of Elected
Bodies, a committee comprising of local MPs and MLAs and other elected representatives
would be constituted for selection of works.
- The expenditure will be in the
ratio of 60:40 for wage/non-wage component.
- The Employment Assurance Scheme
will operate at district/block levels throughout the country. However, priority would be
given to the areas suffering from endemic labour exodus.
- Persons seeking wage employment
under EAS would be engaged in the works included in the annual action plan prepared for
this purpose by the ZP.
- The provisions of employment
under this scheme should result in the creation of durable and productive assets.
The scheme had Central
allocation of Rs.1990.00 crore during 1998-99. Complete Central share had been released to
States/UTs. As per reports received upto March, 1999 against total availability of
Rs.3357.15 crore, the utilization reported is Rs.2819.76 crore and the employment
generated is 4165.31 lakh mandays. Since inception of the scheme, the total number of
registered wage seekers is 4.29 crore.
resources under the scheme would be shared between Centre and States in the ratio of 75:25
Corrective action taken
The restructured EAS programme will
be implemented from the financial year 1999-2000.